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Vata Dosha: Characteristics, Symptoms, Diet, And Treatments

What Is Vata Dosha?

In Ayurveda, Vata is the air principle. It consists of the space and air elements and is the principal force of motion within the body and mind. These include breathing, blood circulation, mental activities, the passage of food through the digestive tract, and joint movements. It is present in all body cells. Ayurveda has mentioned a few locations in the body like the large intestine, the pelvic area, the knees, skin, ears, and hips that are the prime locations of this dosha.

Vata in the body is not the same as the actual air or wind in the environment. It is the subtle energy that governs all body movements. When it is in a balanced state, body movements are graceful, smooth, and controlled. The mind is calm, clear, and alert. One feels happy, enthusiastic, filled with energy, and artistic.

Vata Dosha Characteristics:

It is light, dry, mobile, cold, hard, rough, sharp, subtle, and flowing. The individual having Vata dominance expresses or reflects these qualities in the body and mind.

They have the following qualities:

  • Vata body type is generally slim, light, flexible, and too tall or too short
  • Oval, narrow face and small, lusterless eyes
  • Dry and thinner skin and hair tending toward roughness
  • Uncomfortable in dry, windy, and cold weather and prefers spring and summer
  • Variable appetite and digestive strength, a tendency towards constipation
  • Love sweet, sour, and salty foods
  • Sleepless, possibly interrupted, dreams full of movement
  • Physical active but low stamina can get strained or overtired easily
  • Quick and artistic mind, communicative and brimming with ideas, found of dancing, or travelling

What Are Aggravated Vata Dosha Symptoms?

Vata is inherently unstable and hence more susceptible to become off balance. At some point, almost everyone, no matter the constitution, will have to make conscious efforts to balance it. When it goes out of balance, there is an excess of the qualities that outline the dosha.

Signs Of Vata Imbalance Include:

  • The roughness of skin and hair, dryness of ears, lips, or joints
  • Weak digestion causing bloating, gases, hard stools that are difficult to pass, and dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • The inability of the mind to focus, restlessness, anxiety, agitation
  • Sharp body pain just like the prick of a needle, muscle spasm, or twitching

How To Balance Vata Dosha?

A combination of a healthy diet and lifestyle changes can help to bring it into balance and prevent seasonal allergies, colds, and flu.

Nutrition For The Vata Type

Food plays a big role in maintaining the harmony of doshas. Foods that have qualities like Vata aggravate it. These include bitter, astringent, pungent foods, beans, dried, cold, or frozen foods. You ought to consume sweet, sour, salty, well-cooked, warm, oily, hot, soft, and seasonal foods to combat the air characteristics.

Here Is A List Of Recommended Vata Dosha Diet:

  • Whole grains: Oats, rice, wheat
  • Vegetables and beans: Green beans, carrots, okra, beetroot, celeriac, asparagus, sweet potatoes, and mung beans. These should be cooked and eaten warm. Avoid raw or gas-forming vegetables like broccoli and large beans like black beans.
  • Spices: All spices are beneficial. Include pungent ones like pepper, chilli, and turmeric only in small quantities.
  • Fruits and nuts: Have sweet fruits like bananas, coconut, apples, figs, grapefruit, grapes, mangos, melons, oranges, papayas, peaches, pineapples, plums, berries, cherries, apricots, avocado, and nuts like almonds, walnuts, pecans, cashews.
  • Dairy Products: Cow milk, yoghurt, Ghee, Paneer are beneficial. These are heavy, and you should eat them carefully.
  • Use Vata pacifying oils like sesame, coconut, almond oil, or ghee for cooking. Stay hydrated and drink filtered warm or hot water. Herbal and spiced teas are also good. Avoid fasting or staying empty stomach for long.

Stay Warm

Staying warm helps to combat the coldness of Vata. Use hot water to take a bath. Be in a warm and cosy room. Wear warm and layered clothes. Ayurveda has described Abhyanga (oil massage) as an effective way of pacifying Vata. It offers many health benefits and hence, is included in the Dinacharya or Daily routine. Use hot oils like Sesame oil for self-massage half an hour before bath. Take steam after massage. These help to reduce cold, pain, and stiffness. It also helps to scale back stress and improve skin health.

Yoga for Balancing Vata Dosha

Yoga combines slow and steady body postures (asanas), breathing (pranayama), and meditation (dhyana) to help bring you back to balance quickly. Regular practice of stabilizing and balancing asanas like Tadasana (Mountain Pose), Ardha matsyendrasana (Seated spinal twist), Pawanmuktasana (Wind relieving pose) help to balance Vata. Calming asanas like Savasana (Corpse Pose) and Bhramari Pranayam help to reduce stress, anxiety and increase focus and mental stability.

Vata Dosha Lifestyle

Maintain a regular daily routine and avoid too many frenetic activities. Irregularity in bedtime, waking time, or mealtime can aggravate vata’s light and mobile qualities. Create a simple daily routine and try to stick to it. Regular massage, reducing multitasking, unnecessary travelling, and screen time can help to balance it.

Vata Dosha Treatment In Ayurveda

Ayurveda recommends few treatments like Abhyanga (Oil Massage), Swedan (Sweat therapy), Snehan (oleation), Nasya (nasal administration of ghee or medicated oils), and Basti (Enema with decoctions and medicated oils) to pacify Vata dosha. You should consult your Ayurvedic doctor to check which procedure is suitable for you.

Ayurvedic Medicine For Vata Dosha

Nourishing Ayurvedic herbs like Ashwagandha, Shatavari, Gokharu, Giloy, and spices like cumin, fennel, dill, turmeric, and cinnamon are beneficial in pacifying Vata.


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