Piles Diet: What To Eat and Not Eat According To Ayurved
by Dr. Surya Bhagwati on Sep 09, 2021
The incidence of Piles is increasing day by day. Changing dietary patterns, the influence of western food habits, a diet that lacks adequate soluble fibre, and an inappropriate diet regimen cause constipation and lead to piles. In this article, we will be discussing the Ayurvedic Piles Diet, what to eat and avoid in piles, which fruits are good for piles in detail.
Table Of Contents
- How Does Fiber Help In Piles?
- Whole grains:
- Fresh vegetables:
- Fruits for piles:
- Dairy products
- Drink sufficient water
- Foods Low in Fiber
- Nightshade Vegetables
- Gassy Foods
- Foods with Refined Sugar
- Spicy and Fermented Foods
- Dairy Products
- Alcohol and Caffeine
What Are Piles?
Piles or haemorrhoids are swollen or dilated veins in your lower rectum and anus. It is one of the most common problems observed in men and women. Piles are known as Arsha in ayurved.
Know More about Piles: Causes and Symptoms
Ayurved has a holistic approach to disease treatment. Along with Ayurvedic medicines for piles, various procedures like Ksharasutra and rarely surgery are available for the treatment of piles. In addition, making dietary and lifestyle changes is also recommended in ayurved to get relief from haemorrhoids.
ayurved mentions that all diseases occur due to Mandagni (weak digestive power). Therefore, a detailed recommendation of the Pathya (wholesome) and Apathya (unwholesome) diet is mentioned with medicinal treatments in ayurved.
Foods For Piles
Constipation or disturbed digestion is a common cause of piles. Preventing constipation itself will control the disease to a certain extent. Hence, the diet for piles should have enough fibre content.
How Does Fiber Help In Piles?
Soluble fibres of the food help create a bulkier and softer stool that is easier to pass, thus reducing the risk of constipation.
These, in turn, will prevent the recurrence of haemorrhoids and minimize the irritation of the existing haemorrhoids.
Whole grains, vegetables, beans, fresh fruits are recommended fibre-rich foods for piles.
You can also consult Ayurvedic Doctors for a personalized Ayurvedic Diet Plan For Piles.
List Of High Fiber Foods for Piles Diet:
ayurved has recommended Yava (Barley), Godhuma (Wheat), Raktha Shali (Red rice), Kulatha (Horse gram) for piles patients.
Oatmeal, bran cereals, whole grain flour are also good options to include in the Indian diet plan for piles. Made from whole wheat chapati is good for piles. It prevents moisture loss from the stools.
Include Patol (Parwar or Pointed gourd), Suraṇa (tuber of elephant’s foot), Punarnava (Spreading hogweed), spinach, cabbage, asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, onions, and cucumber in daily diet.
The high fibre content of these veggies improves digestion, cleanses, detoxifies the gut, relieves constipation, and thus, helps reduce piles symptoms.
Fruits for piles:
Fruits are a great source of dietary fibre as well as other essential nutrients. Eat amla, apples, raisins, prunes, and grapes with their skin. Don’t forget to wash them before consuming them.
Papaya, banana, pomegranate, oranges, and muskmelon are also beneficial fruits for piles. The best time to eat fruits is on empty stomach.
Dry figs are an easy and effective Ayurvedic remedy for piles. Soak some dried figs in warm water overnight, and eat them the first thing in the morning
Read here more on Home Remedies For Piles
ayurved has recommended Takra (buttermilk) and Navaneetam (butter) for piles. Buttermilk is mentioned as one of the best medicines for piles as it pacifies all three doshas and relieves constipation. Buttermilk, being a good source of probiotics, also improves digestion.
Drink a glass of fresh buttermilk with carom seeds and black salt daily after meals to get relief from discomforts caused by the pile.
Castor oil is well-known for its mild laxative property.
Drink a small teaspoon (about 3 ml) of castor oil with a cup of milk at bedtime. It softens the stool to make it easy to pass and reduces the pressure on the rectal walls and muscles.
Drink sufficient water
Drinking water in a sufficient quantity is as important as eating healthy foods in piles. Water increases the volume of the stool and makes it soft. It also reduces dehydration.
Try to drink six to eight glasses of water daily to avoid dehydration and make the easy passage of stools. Having said this, keep in mind that ayurved suggests drinking water in moderation in piles. Drinking excess water can further disturb digestion and worsen pile problems.
Food To Avoid in Piles
ayurved advises avoiding Viruddha ahara (incompatible food combination), Vishtambika ahara (foods that cause indigestion), Guru ahara (difficult to digest foods), Anupa Mamsa (meat of animals residing in water i.e., fish), and Dushta udaka (contaminated water). Intake of these foods disrupts digestion and prevents the proper formation of feces.
As per ayurved, excessive consumption of foods having Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter), and Kashaya (astringent) tastes can disturb digestion. Therefore, one should avoid these in piles.
Junk, processed, salted, and deep-fried food items cause moisture loss from the faeces making stools harder. So, it is better to avoid them.
List Of Foods to Avoid With Hemorrhoids:
Foods Low in Fiber
Low-fibre foods like white rice, white bread, plain pasta, or noodles lead to more straining during defecation as they make stools smaller and hard. Straining raises abdominal pressure, obstructs venous return, makes rectal veins weak, and makes your piles go from bad to worse.
Deep-fried and salty foods like burgers, french fries are hard to digest and can cause bloating to worsen pile symptoms.
Meat particularly, red meat, processed meat, and fish, are low in fiber, difficult to digest, and contain high sodium. They exacerbate constipation that leads to haemorrhoids.
Potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant lead to dosha imbalance and worsen piles symptoms.
Beans like Masha (black gram), pulses, and sprouts are hard to digest, irritate the bowel. They should be used in a minimum quantity that too after proper cooking.
Foods with Refined Sugar
Avoid products made with refined white flour such as biscuits and cakes, refined cereals like white rice. Foods that are high in refined sugar or carbohydrate and fat irritate the bowel and lead to constipation.
Spicy and Fermented Foods
Avoid spicy foods or other foods that you know can cause constipation or diarrhea. They can increase pain, discomfort, and bleeding associated with piles.
Fermented food items like idli and dosa aggravate Pitta and Vata dosha to make piles worse. So, it is better to avoid or limit their use.
Except for buttermilk, avoid other dairy products like raw milk, Dahi (curd), paneer, cheese. In piles, digestion is weak, and eating these heavy foods can further complicate things.
Alcohol and Caffeine
To get relief from piles, avoid alcohol. Alcohol and any beverage containing caffeine like coffee dehydrate your body. Dehydration can cause you to strain during bowel movements increasing pain and discomfort.
Final Words On Piles Diet
ayurved emphasizes eating healthy food to treat and prevent recurrence of piles. For this, classical Ayurvedic texts have mentioned the Pathya Apathya of Arshas in detail. Following a fibre-rich Piles diet, consuming fresh vegetables and fruits, avoiding processed, junk foods is a key to get fast and long-lasting relief from piles.
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- Sushrutha: Sushrutha Samhitha with commentary of Dalhana, edited by Vaidya Jadvji Trikamji Acharya, Chowkamba Sanskrit samsthan, Varanasi, reprint 2010, Sutrasthana, Chapter 33, Verse 4, pp - 824, pg - 144.
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